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The Evolution Of The Muslim Society In The Subcontinent | Pakistan Affairs, CSS Notes, Topic-2

The Evolution Of The Muslim Society In The Subcontinent

Introduction

  • Took centuries not years.
  • Gradual evolution
  • The Muslims came to the Indian Subcontinent in waves of conquest.                                                 (Ch.M.Ali)

Arab Traders And Islam

  • Muslim traders from first Hijra
  • Fair dealing and simplicity
  • Islam in coastal areas
  • Preaching of Islam besides trade

Muhammad Bin Qasim

  • Pirates and Raja Dahir
  • Conquest of Daibal and Nairun in 712
  • March to North and conquest of Multan
  • Effect on local people

“The conquered territories underwent many political changes, but the process of Islamization continued without any disruption.” (I.H. Qureshi)

Sultan Mehmood Of Ghazna

  • Impacts of raids on Punjab
  • Spread of Islam

Muhammad Ghouri

  • Raids from 1175
  • Established permanent hold
  • Appointment of Aibak in 1206

The Dehli Sultanate

  • 1206-1526, five dynasties
  • Weak dynasties over 300 years
  • Whole Subcontinent under Muslim in 14th century
  • Huge impacts

Influence Of Muslim Conquests

  • In all spheres

“For the first time Muslim’s culture flooded the Hindu land of India.”                                                                                                                                               (K.K.Aziz)


1.Religious Influence

  • Spread of Islam
  • Role of Saints and Sufis
  • Islamic code of life

2.Cultural Influence

  • Development of literature , art and architecture
  • Tradition and customs of Islam
  • Buildings and fine arts


3.Social Influence

  • Islamic Values
  • Equality, Peace, Justice, Morality
  • Attraction for the wretched class


4.Social Influence

  • Islamic Values
  • Equality, Peace, Justice, Morality
  • Attraction for the wretched class
  1. Influence of Intellectual Life
  • Patronage of scholars, poets
  • Amir Khushru, Laila Majnu, Yousaf Zulaikha
  • Punjabi poetry
  1. Economic Influence
  • Economic development
  • Trade , industry and agriculture
  • Equal opportunities , division of labour
  1. Political Influence
  • Strong and stable admin, structure
  • Impact lasts to date in different institutes of subcontinent
  • Separate courts, kotawal, Muhtasib

Conclusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

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